Appendicitis is an infection of the appendix. Symptoms tend to appear quickly and can strike anyone. Symptoms may include nausea and vomiting, lower abdominal pain, lack of appetite and fever.
Many breast lumps are caused by harmless (benign) changes in your breast. Sometimes a lump is cancerous (malignant). In such cases, finding and treating it early gives the best chance for a healthy future.
Diverticulosis occurs when small pouches develop in your colon wall. If these pouches become inflamed or infected, a painful and more serious condition called diverticulosis has developed.
Gallbladder problems can cause painful attacks. This may include abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, and chest discomfort. Some people may have one attack; others have many.
Gastroesophogeal Reflux Disease
Gastroesophogeal Reflux Disease, or GERD, is a common problem indicated by repeated bouts of heartburn, sour-tasting fluid in your throat, or difficulty swallowing, among others.
Hemorrhoid tissues are a network of blood vessels located in and around the anal canal. When these veins swell, you can have such symptoms as pain or burning sensation; bleeding during bowel movements; protrusion of tissue from the anus; itching around the anus.
Thyroid problems are common and affect many people. Having a thyroid problem may mean that your thyroid gland is underactive, and not working hard enough. Or, the thyroid gland may be overactive, and working too hard. Your thyroid gland also may grow larger or develop lumps.
Peripheral Artery Disease
When the arteries in your legs become blocked, your legs do not receive enough blood or oxygen, and you may have a condition called peripheral artery disease (PAD), sometimes called leg artery disease. PAD can cause discomfort or pain when you walk. The pain can occur in your hips, buttocks, thighs, knees, shins, or upper feet.
When very small blood vessels just below the skin’s surface become damaged, they can form webs of blue, purple or red veins. These “spider veins” rarely cause serious symptoms but because they are near the surface of the skin, their color is visible. These vessels can be painful and bleed, causing more serious problems.
Varicose veins occur when vein damage causes blood to flow in the wrong direction. Blood pools in the veins, causing them to swell. They are most common in the legs. Varicose veins can cause bleeding, changes in skin color, and ulcers, among other problems.
Healthy leg veins contain valves that allow blood to move in one direction from the lower limb toward the heart. These valves open when blood is flowing toward the heart and close to prevent venous reflux or the backward flow of blood. When veins weaken and become enlarged, their valves cannot close properly, which leads to venous reflux and impaired drainage of venous blood from the legs. Venous reflux can be classified as either asymptomatic or symptomatic, depending on the degree of severity. Symptomatic venous reflux disease is a more advanced stage of the disease and can have a profound impact on the patient's quality of life. Signs and symptoms may include leg pain and swelling, painful varicose veins, skin changes such as discoloration or inflammation, or open skin ulcers.
Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI)
Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI) develops when pressure increases in the legs due to blood collecting in the veins. CVI causes leg swelling and can damage skin, leading to open wounds (venous skin ulcers).
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
A deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot that forms in a deep vein. Over time, the clot can grow large enough to block the vein. If part of the clot breaks off, it can travel to the lungs, causing a pulmonary embolism, which can be fatal. DVT must be treated right away.